Just think for a minute, how many apps do you use daily and what amount of time you invest in it. Are you now thinking to figure out exactly how all these mobile apps work?
Then, this article will help you understand the important app development languages. So, here’s what you need to know.
The demand for mobile applications is tremendously increasing and hence there has been a rise in the mobile app developers for both Android and iOS.
For those who aspire to be app developers soon there is a wide range of languages they can choose from.
But, before we move ahead, let’s quickly cover the types of mobile app development on the basis of coding.
- Native Apps – app coded in one language that’s supported only by a specific device’s operating system; eg. native iOS vs native Android
- Hybrid Apps – app coded in one language and can be used on multiple languages
- Progressive Web Applications (PWA) – a lightweight app that works in the URL of a device’s web browser giving a good look and good feeling
Now, here’s a list of mobile app development languages that help you filter out and choose the best that suits you.
- Python: As mentioned in the earlier article, python has evolved and grown popular. The reason for it’s usage is that it is fast, easy to use and learn and has an excellent readability. It supports multiple platforms and has a massive library of toolkits. Though, it takes a lot of time to process and has drawbacks with data access.
- Kotlin: This is an advanced version of Java. It has been one of the best languages for mobile apps as it has the potential to influence other languages. It has a clean and concise syntax. But, it is new in the market and hence a little hard to learn. So choose wisely!
- Rust: This is sponsored by Mozilla.It was developed with the concern on concurrency and safety to maintain boundaries. Though what makes Kotlin important is its ability to detect errors. But it is difficult to learn.
- Scala: It is designed to address problems faced by Java. It is usually object-oriented and is preferable for functioning of lazy evaluation and pattern matching.
- Ruby: It is a reflective language and functions in an object-oriented manner. The system has a particular structure for websites and mobile apps. It had an automatic memory management system as well.
- GoLang: Also known as Go, comes from Google. An excellent support by providing multiple threads and hence, is being used by many companies. It is a statistically typed language and so is very secure and consists of a cleaner syntax. It comes with a comprehensive library and so offers a wide range of inbuilt functions.
- R Programming: It is an open-source language and is not that popular , but has a lot of potential. It has its importance as it visually represents data and can do statistical computing. It is also compatible on many platforms.
- PHP: this stands for Hypertext Preprocessor. It is one of the most recommended languages for mobile apps. It is a server-side open-source language, is easy to learn, is flexible and can handle heavy data. Majorly, the inbuilt system protects from complex security threats. Eg . Facebook, Yahoo and Wikipedia. Though, it can’t handle large applications and is very difficult to maintain, so, be careful!
- Swift: A perfect language for you if you wanna start with iOS. It is an open-source language specially designed for iOS, OS X and tvOS platforms. This has a great scope as iPads, iPhones, watchOS, etc work on iOS. Though it emerged as a primary language, it has pretty much taken over Objective-C. Though it only works for iOS, it has developed over Linux, which means it is available for all of us!
- Objective-C: This is an extended version or a derivative of the C language. It features smalltalk-style messaging and is a well updated and matured language. This was being developed for iOS and OS X much before Swift came into the picture. Though Swift has slowly taken over Objective-C, it has not lost it’s charm. The language has maintained its quality of connection. And, this is due to two major reasons – one being that there has been a lot of investment and second that a majority of apps even today rely on it. Hence, it is a good idea to choose Objective-C!
There is nothing right and wrong in what you should learn and what you shouldn’t. It all depends on what suits you for your business and for your goal. Each one has it’s pros and cons. There are many other additional languages.